Posts

Pacific Cycling Centre (PCC) is excited to announce that limited new applications are now being accepted for online and Victoria-based athletes for the 2020-2021 cycling season in its Development and High-Performance Talent Development Programs. Over the past few seasons PCC-coached athletes produced successful results, with many achieving podium performances, making the National team standards, achieving podium finishes at UCI World Cups and National Championships, and racing with top teams in North America.

The 2020-2021 program will identify a group of athletes who are committed to excellence, and who are willing to develop their potential to progress to the next level and eventually to elite status. The goal would be for them to make the entry to the National team, National trade team and continental teams.  Applications are open to men and women in U19 to U23 as well elite and Masters with the objective to channel athletes into the development and HP racing team, while maintaining a permanent, high-performance training group at the Pacific Cycling Centre, with the appropriate coaching and support system. For U19-U23 a PCC talent development scholarship is available.

The athletes training will be based on the Cycling Canada Long Term Athletic Development (LTAD) model at the Train-to-Train, Train-to-Compete, Learn-To-Win and Train-To-Win levels.  Athletes from road, track and mountain bike will be accepted into the program, and will have access to the highest quality professional coaching and training in a peer group setting, training camps, regular physiological testing, mentorship opportunities with Olympians and for those showing talent, support at race competitions.

“Having a full development and HP program in Victoria BC that includes coaching and racing opportunities with their desired team creates a very exciting opportunity for the next generation of upcoming cyclists,” says Houshang Amiri, PCC Head Coach. “The program provides a professional sport career pathway for PCC riders to progress to the next level.”

PCC has decades of experience with distance and online coaching and has protocols in place for in-person coaching. PCC is following the guidelines on COVOD-19 as outlined by the BC Provincial Health Office, ViaSport and Cycling BC.

Interested athletes can send a race CV and cover letter to info@pacificcyclingcentre.ca

The main idea behind developing a Yearly Training Plan (YTP) is to create a systematic approach to training, competition, and rest/recovery. Crafting a YTP is a highly developed coaching art form drawing on coaching experience, athlete history, and the most current research and science. The “art” of a YTP comes from the fact that it needs to be as simple as possible while still addressing all of the complexities of training. A YTP is a living document that needs to be monitored/maintained and modified. A “complete” plan gives the coach and athlete the ability to plan better for the future, and manage, record and measure all of the various aspects of their training.

A YTP divides the athlete’s season into periods with “peaks” at certain key points in the year. Periodization of YTP can be divided into single, double, triple or multiple periods depending on athlete/team needs, their competition schedule, and level of experience.

Aim of Yearly Training Plan YTP

  • Development
  • Performance

A YTP should have the following component and elements:

Periods:

  • Preparation; covers all component of Training
  • Competition; covers all aspects of Competition
  • Transition; Covers all element of rest

Phases:

  • General Preparatory Phase (GPP)
  • Specific Preparatory Phase (SPP)
  • Pre-competitive Phase (PCP)
  • Competitive Phase (CP)
  • Transition Phase (TP)

Mesocycles:

  • Developmental
  • Stabilising
  • Pre-Competition
  • Competition
  • Restorative (adaptation / regeneration)

Microcycles:

  • Introductory
  • Developmental
  • Shock / load
  • Stabilising
  • Competitive
  • Taper
  • Peak
  • Modelling
  • Restorative (adaptation / regeneration)
  • Transitional or active rest

Here is how it works:

  • A YTP cycle is one part of a quadrennial plan
  • A YTP is made up of periods and phases
  • Periods are made up of mesocycles
  • Mesocycles are made up of microcycles
  • And microcycles are made up of Units

Each period or phase will have a different goal or function. Fundamentally, they are dependent on how far or how close the cycle is from competition. Periods farther away from competition focus on higher volume and lower intensity. The closer the period is to competition the lower the volume and higher the intensity,

For the Units of a Microcycle, I usually use durations of seven days. The length and type of microcycles depend on an athlete/team needs. The cycle is personalized differently for neural or metabolic adaptations. Before I start to develop a YTP for a athlete I need to know basic and very important information about the athletes such as: his/her chronological vs. biological age, training age (general-specific, how many years) and utilize those figures to identify an athlete’s stage in Long Term Athlete Development (LTAD) model.

Stages of LTAD

  • Fundamentals
  • Learning to Train (L2T)
  • Training to Train (T2T)
  • Training to Compete (T2C)
  • Training to Win (T2W)

Once the stage of LTAD has been identified  and I know what stage the athlete is in, I collect the information I need to develop the YTP. The most important element is balancing competition with school/work schedules. It is essential to know the dates of all races on the athlete’s calendar and to categorize them in terms of importance. I start with the most important race of the year and develop the plan backwards. This includes determining the total volume for the YTP and maximum volume per microcycle, (volume for cycling is measured by time and distances.) The second element is to determine how the YTP will be maintained, modified, and evaluated. Deciding how the athlete will report back to me and what sort of data they will provide is fundamental to this process

Based on those findings, I then choose the aim of YTP (development or performance,) fit the periodization element (single, double, triple or multiple,) build the duration of each period (Preparation, Competition, and Transition,) establish and fit the duration of each phases (GPP-SPP-PCP-CP-TP,) figure the duration and type of mesocycles (Developmental, Stabilising, Pre-Competition, Competition, Restorative – adaptation / regeneration) and finally structure the microcycles, and the units within each microcycle. It is an intricate process with a lot of puzzle pieces to fit together.

The length of each YTP is usually about 52 weeks depending on the year with each month and week organized and built around the athlete’s race program.

Included in the program is a constant monitoring system for medical, physiological, psychological, nutritional and recovery/regeneration needs. The monitoring system is based on the particular athlete’s needs and can include monitoring, testing and programs for the following elements:

Physiological Elements and Factors:

Aerobic

  • Low End Aerobic
  • Endurance Aerobic
  • Maximal Aerobic Power

Anaerobic

  • Anaerobic Alactic Capacity
  • Anaerobic Lactic Power
  • Anaerobic Lactic Capacity

Flexibility

  • Dynamic
  • Static
  • PNF

Speed

  • Acceleration Speed (Speed Strength)
  • Speed Endurance
  • Maximum Speed

Strength

  • Respiratory System
  • Core Strength / Endurance
  • Relative Strength
  • Strength Endurance
  • Maximum Strength
  • Elastic Strength (Power)

Nutrition

  • Plans
  • Management

Psychology

  • Goal Setting
  • Information Processing
  • Decision Making
  • Visualization
  • Distraction Control
  • Emotional Control
  • Relaxation
  • Activation
  • Team Player

Recovery/ Regeneration

  • Sleep management
  • Recovery monitoring
  • Recovery Management
  • Weight Management
  • Travel Management

Volume / Intensity

  • Unite percentage

 

Reference, Istvan Balyi, NCI